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Modelling overview : DryLab - Introduction

Vesicles Maturation Modeling

This part of the modelling works was dedicated to the vesicles creation understanding. Indeed if we want to control the emission of vesicles we need to discuss phenomenon which lead it. We decided to attach ourselves to the biophysics of the problem and especially on the biophysics of membranes. We finally linked the creation of vesicles to the free diffusion of PAL and TOL proteins in the membranes depending of the lipidic bilayer shapes.

The conformation of the lippopolysaccharides and the normal phospholipids J'ai suggéré quelque part de faire des rappels de la biologie des membranes des gram-negatifs et E. coli en particulier. S'assurer que c'est le cas et y faire un lien. Sinon c'est l'endroit ici de faire quelques rappels sur la questioncan be seen as a lipid bilayer which conformed itself as a liquid crystal at the growth culture. The conformation of lipid bilayer has been well studied and a lot of theoretical results have been shownQuelques références alors d'articles de revue . Some of them are of great interest for our project. This conformation is something Knowing some properties of this conformation enables us to... which can enable us to understand the way vesicles can be produced and how they will be received. some simple basic calculs can already give us very interesting results on... In our project we first notice that from a basic calculus we can obtain very interesting results on the way outer membrane vesicles can be produced. annoncer déjà de quelle nature serontces résultats très intéressants. On ne rédige pas un roman à suspens...

Osmotic pressure increase due to the Cell Wall turnover and the Tol/Pal distinct location can explain the formation of blebbing

the hypothesis made in Reference about a link between vesicles creation and the turnover of the peptidoglycan act as a physical motor for our model : Indeed during the division of the cell, the peptidoglycan is degraded and reconstructed to be given a new shape. This turnover isn’t perfect: a part of the murrains components are released in the periplasm which make locally increased the pressure and so cause the local deformation of the outer membrane. Defects in the TOL-PAL system leads to vesicles maturation reference. We can consider that TOL-PAL is acting as mooring ropes. So the distribution of TOL-PAL in the lipidic bilayer would be vital for the integrity of the outer membrane of the bacteria and any defect in those distributions can lead to vesicle maturation if there is any increase of the periplasm pressure. During vesicle creation Tol-Pal system act as counter forces to the osmotic pressure increase unabling a global swelling of the outer membrane. Using those types of information we create a 2 dimension model to explain the formation of blebbing

Brownian diffusion in the membranes can explains the affinity for concave region of outer membrane in bacteria and local clustering on the border of blebbing.

Our hypothesis to this model is that simple Brownian diffusion on the surface can explain stable accumulation of TOL and PAL in the border of the blebbing ( Link toward Details). Indeed physically it appears that Brownian motion model on a non-plane surface doesn’t predict a non uniform concentration of particles. They will aggregate themselves in the highly concave areas of membranes. This prediction is in agreement with some observation about Tol/Pal Reference and some experiments were done which confirm a phenomena in Reference which is the accumulation of proteins in the septa region during E.coli division but not explained efficiently by simple biology mechanism.

Brownian Diffusion predict disparition of the borders of vesicles in creation phases.

The direct area caught inside the border of the blebbing is highly and negatively curved , so we can predict a migration of Tol-Pal complexes and Pal proteins toward this area : the Tol/Pal complexes are zippering back the membrane to the peptidoglycan but not efficiently enough to ensure the whole contrition of the blebbing: two different areas are separated.


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